LASSA FEVER - WEST AFRICA (02): NIGERIA (NASARAWA)

Posted on 18TH JAN 2017
tagged Lassa Fever, Nigeria

A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

Date: Mon 16 Jan 2016
Source: Channels Television [edited]
http://www.channelstv.com/2017/01/16/lassa-fever-kills-four-nasarawa-state/

The Nasarawa state government has confirmed the re-emergence of Lassa fever disease in the state in north-central Nigeria. The state's commissioner for health, Dr Daniel Iya, confirmed the death of 4 people during an interview with Channels Television.

Dr Iya further disclosed that the state had recorded 16 suspected cases while 36 people, who had contact with the deceased, were being followed up. He noted that all the cases were from Lafia, the state's capital, and that the government had taken adequate measures to stall the spread of the deadly disease.

The re-emerging case comes barely 3 weeks after the Ondo state government said it had put all measures to prevent the disease from spreading to the state. As part of efforts towards achieving this, the Ondo state commissioner for health, Dr Dayo Adeyanju, convened a sensitization meeting with stakeholders in the state.

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communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

[Last year [2016] as of week 40, Nasarawa state reported 49 Lassa fever cases with 14 deaths. The outbreak in neighboring Ondo state is mentioned in the above report. Last year, as of week 40, that state reported 86 cases with 13 deaths. With Lassa fever being reported from 23 states in Nigeria, it is good to see its diagnosis, treatment and prevention being tackled on a national basis by a Lassa fever eradication committee.

It is difficult to know if the virus spread from neighboring Ondo state or was already present, perhaps at low levels, in rodent reservoirs in Nasarawa state. The virus is endemic in multimammate rodents (_Mastomys_ spp). Although reduction of populations of these rodents in and around human habitations is possible, their eradication and elimination of the virus is not. Public education will be essential for implementation of safe rodent control measures and for eliminating contamination of food materials by these rodents. Availability of personal protective equipment in health care centers will eliminate nosocomial transmission but only if that equipment is properly used. Training of health care personnel in its use, and subsequent routine practice, will be essential.

Interestingly, a previous ProMED-mail post (archive no. 20161221.4713167) of suspected Lassa fever cases in Ogun state included a request for information about confirmation, or not, of the etiology of these cases. The response of EpiCore participants in Nigeria was swift and gratifying. To date, 22 responses have been received confirming the cases as Lassa fever, an illustration of the effectiveness of the EpiCore system in Nigeria. ProMED-mail thanks these respondents.

Images of mastomys mice can be seen at http://www.ispot.org.za/node/255877.

Maps of Nigeria can be accessed at http and http://healthmap.org/promed/p/618. - Mod.TY

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/25968.]

See Also

Lassa fever - West Africa (01): Nigeria (OG) 20170101.4735363
2016
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Lassa fever - West Africa (41): Nigeria 20161228.4727447
Lassa fever - West Africa (40): Nigeria (OG) 20161221.4713167
Lassa fever - West Africa (39): Nigeria 20161026.4585225
Lassa fever - West Africa (38): (Nigeria) 20161002.4530438
Lassa fever - West Africa (37): Nigeria 20160912.4482648
Lassa fever - West Africa (36): Nigeria (ON) 20160908.4475252
Lassa fever - West Africa (35): Nigeria (PL) 20160907.4472110
Lassa fever - West Africa (34): Nigeria 20160906.4469198
Lassa fever - West Africa (33): Nigeria (DE,AN) 20160828.4446459
Lassa fever - West Africa (32): Nigeria 20160727.4371983
Lassa fever - West Africa (31): Nigeria 20160619.4296038
Lassa fever - West Africa (30): Nigeria, MOH, WHO 20160530.4253454
Lassa fever - West Africa (29): Nigeria, Liberia 20160520.4233773
Lassa fever - West Africa (27): Nigeria 20160425.4182996
Lassa fever - West Africa (25): Nigeria (KT) 20160419.4168139
Lassa fever - West Africa (24): Nigeria (KT, KD) 20160407.4143654
Lassa fever - West Africa (18): Nigeria 20160319.4105938
Lassa fever - West Africa (17): Nigeria (BA) 20160319.4105332
Lassa fever - West Africa (11): Nigeria (EB) 20160306.4072939
Lassa fever - West Africa (10): Nigeria (KD) nosocomial 20160302.4062565
Lassa fever - West Africa (08): Nigeria 20160221.4039559
Lassa fever - West Africa (06): Nigeria 20160216.4024752
Lassa fever - West Africa (03): Nigeria 20160207.4002672
Lassa fever - West Africa: Nigeria, Benin 20160131.3980796
Lassa fever - Nigeria (09): (DE) 20160125.3962747
Lassa fever - Nigeria (08) 20160123.3959896
Lassa fever - Nigeria (07) 20160123.3959273
Lassa fever - Nigeria (06) 20160117.3942974
Lassa fever - Nigeria (05) 20160113.3933680
Lassa fever - Nigeria (04) 20160110.3924977
Lassa fever - Nigeria (03): (RI) 20160106.3915154
Lassa fever - Nigeria (02): (TA) 20160104.3908901
Lassa fever - Nigeria: (KN) 20160101.3905902
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